It is obvious that renovating a house is less tricky than building a new one. However, never underestimate the difficulty of such a project. Depending on the initial condition of the house, a complete renovation can take several months and require the use of many specialists.
Two schools then clash:
- The use of craftsmen,
- The self-construction.
There is a whole range of construction professionals who can guide you and accompany you in the refurbishment of a house:
- Artisans all body of state,
- Painters and renovators,
Do not hide it: resorting to craftsmen can easily double your renovation budget . However, some experts are essential, especially for plumbing or electrical work.
These will ensure you have an efficient installation and comply with French building standards.
To know: consider contacting an architect in renovation. The latter will accompany you in all stages of renovation, help you find the right renovation companies, and supervise the work. It can also help you budget your project. In many cases, it allows you to save on the cost of the work.
Opting for self-construction
But to make your renovation the least expensive possible, the ideal remains to get the job done. Self-construction allows you to make great savings in your work.
However, it has several disadvantages:
- You have to buy yourself the materials and tools.
- Renovating your home alone requires a lot of free time.
- You have to learn about the different jobs to be carried out.
- Certain tasks require the use of an expert (renovation of an electrical installation, re-plumbing, etc.).
Our advice? Take care of the easiest tasks, such as painting, laying wall coverings, small masonry work, etc. This allows you to keep an important budget for the most essential tasks.
Steps to Renovate an Old House
The renovation of a building in ruins or in bad condition can not be improvised. It is important to work step by step, and to plan well the different stages of the site.
We will detail for you the different stages of work, in chronological order:
1) Expertise of the house
First, it is important to diagnose the house to know the necessary work. The ideal is to practice this examination scrupulously before the purchase, not to be victim of bad surprises.
Different elements to consider:
- Is the house insulated?
- Is the electrical installation up to standard?
- Is the gas installation up to standard?
- Is there a collective or individual sanitation system?
- What is the condition of the plumbing?
- Should we break partitions and refit?
- How Are Flooring? Wall coverings?
- Is there a parasitic infestation (termites, etc.)?
All this allows you to measure the scope of work, prioritize tasks and budget the whole.
Do not hesitate to make a list of the different rooms of the house, and to detail the necessary works in each one of them.
To know: before the purchase, ask to consult the technical diagnostics of the property for sale. They can help you identify the weaknesses of a home, and the parties to work in particular. The technical diagnosis file (DDT) must be submitted to the buyer. You can also visit the house with an architect or craftsman, who can give you good advice regarding the purchase price or renovation.
2) Cleaning and demolition work
Difficult to renovate a house still cluttered with the business of the former owner, or to work on elements in ruins.
First of all, first empty the house of all that obstructs you, and destroy the walls (checking that they are not carriers) or partitions if some are too damaged or if you want to rework the interior fittings.
The ideal is to work on the first floor, then on the ground floor . This saves you from dirtying the ground floor again when renovating the floors.
Remember to plan to remove the rubble from the building site.
Namely: if the diagnosis with asbestos is positive, the very first step is to dismantle the house. This work can only be carried out by a certified asbestos removal company.
3) The renovation of the structural work and the sanitation
If necessary, take the time to repair the masonry and any damaged walls. It’s not about working on the coatings, but just to make sure the castle is in good condition.
Take this step to clean up the house: spot any moisture or infiltration problems, and put an end to it. If pest control is required, do so as soon as possible.
Remedial work is essential, because an unimproved house will quickly deteriorate.
4) Electrical installation and sanitary facilities
The building is now in good condition, and it is now appropriate to work the facilities. Depending on the condition of the building to be renovated, different elements may be necessary:
- Installation or upgrading of the electrical installation.
- Renovation or installation of plumbing.
- Renovation or installation of a sanitation system.
- Replacing or installing a boiler and radiators.
These different tasks must be carried out by specialists . In the case of a house in very poor condition or without facilities, an architect can help you prepare the plans to ensure an optimal installation and do not forget anything.
4) Insulation, facade and roofing works
Another large building site is simply the insulation of the old house. The buildings to be renovated usually suffer from severe insulation and / or roofing problems.
Result: your heating bills will be extremely high if you do not renovate the house, and your quality of life will be limited.
Different work may be required at this point:
- Renovation of the framework,
- Changing Roof Coverage,
- Insulation of the roof or roof spaces,
- Insulation of the facade,
- Replacement of doors and windows,
- Attic installation.
This is once again an important part of your renovation budget, but that is essential to ensure you a real comfort of life.
That is to say: to practice external thermal insulation (ITE) is a good way to insulate a house and to renovate its facade. But your house will then change in appearance.
5) Finishes and interior fittings
At this point, your home is virtually over. It remains to apply the latest finishes to cure the decoration and furnishings:
- Renovation of ceilings (if necessary),
- Laying floor screed (if necessary),
- Installation of floor and wall coverings,
- Paint work,
- Choice of luminaires.
6) Moving in
Your house is now habitable. All that remains is to move in by furnishing the rooms and choosing your different electrical equipment.
Be careful not to neglect the cost of this step: the purchase of an equipped kitchen or household electrical appliances can represent a certain sum.
As always, it is better to be able to buy quality equipment to ensure its durability.
When should we prepare for the renovation of his home?
It is important to think about renovation well ahead of the work. Ideally, it is better to start preparing work before you even buy the house .
Knowing the various works required and the extent of the site allows you to better determine whether the cost of buying a house to renovate is interesting or not. It should not be that your final budget is more important than if you bought a property in perfect condition!
Remember that in many cases, the renovation cost is equal to or greater than the purchase price of the house.
It is also important to be able to determine the duration of the work . A house under renovation is not always a habitable house.
To know: before buying a farm to renovate or a house in poor condition, do not hesitate to negotiate the sale price. This type of property does not attract all buyers, so it is logical to seek to acquire it at the best price.
The importance of budgeting for a renovation
To conclude, remember that one of the most essential things when renovating a home is the budget .
It is important to prepare your budget in advance (savings, applying for a loan for renovation, etc.) and to stick to it. Do not attack this project without the necessary budget: you might not be able to finish the house.
Keep in mind that the total budget will depend on different factors:
- Tools: the cost of purchasing or leasing the necessary equipment and tools.
- Materials: the price of insulation, tiles, flooring, etc.
- Facilities: cost of doors and windows, kitchen, sanitary facilities, etc.
- Labor: the cost of the various artisans.
Do not forget that home improvement companies can help you budget more easily. Requesting several home renovation quotes will help you estimate rates, and compare prices of different specialists.
Before hiring an artisan (whether architect, electrician, mason, plumber, etc.), systematically compare the estimates of 3 to 5 of its competitors . In this way, you are certain to enjoy an attractive and reasonable price.
Do not hesitate to continue browsing Travaux Avenue to get precise information on the prices of the various renovation works. You can also use our request for a quotation form to receive free estimates from specialists near you.